Patlabor (a portmanteau of "patrol" and "labor"), also known as Mobile Police Patlabor (Japanese: 機動警察パトレイバー or Kidō Keisatsu Patoreibā), is an anime and manga science fiction franchise that originated in 1988 and was created by "Headgear", a group consisting of manga artist Yūki Masami, director Oshii Mamoru, screenwriter Itō Kazunori, mecha designer Izubuchi Yutaka, and character designer Takada Akemi.
Patlabor is mostly known for focusing on common mecha called "Labors" –designed by Izubuchi– not just for police or military purposes, but also for industrial and municipal jobs. Patlabor's plot is set in a near future Japan, and it chronicles the expoits of a metropolitan police unit equipped with patrol mechas called "Patlabors".
The popular franchise includes a manga, a TV series, two OVA series, three feature-length movies, two light novel series, and a short film compilation, named Minipato (ミニパト) because of its super deformed drawing style.
The series has been adapted into several video games and licensed products from OST to toys.
Animations from Patlabor were used extensively in the music video "Juke Joint Jezebel" by the industrial band KMFDM in the late 80s.
The manga received the 36th Shogakukan Manga Award for shōnen in 1991.