The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is a country located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.
The United Kingdom is a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system, with its seat of government in the capital city of London. It is a country in its own right and consists of four administrative divisions (or countries): England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Its current monarch is Elizabeth II.